The endocannabinoid system (ECS) was discovered in the mid-1990`s by the Israeli researcher Dr. Ralph Mechoulam. It is a relatively new discovery despite being a very important part of how humans and mammals function.
The ECS is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids which are neurotransmitters that attach to cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body. The two primary receptors are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found predominately in the brain, nervous system, peripheral organs and tissues. CB2 receptors are predominately found in the immune system and hematopoietic cells.
The ECS plays a major role in regulating sleep, pain, mood, memory and appetite. The endocannabinoid system is to help us maintain homeostasis when challenged by external and internal stress and improper lifestyle choices, through modulating both the central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous systems.
It is a relatively new discovery despite being a very important part of how humans and mammals function.
Since the ECS modulates the nervous system it has a governing role over all the other systems in the body, including the immune system, digestive system, circulatory system, respiratory system, excretory system, endocrine system, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscle system and reproductive system. So you can see the ECS has a very important role in maintaining optimal function and ultimately optimizing health.